The leader of the state of Saudi Arabia, King Salman bin Abdul-Azis al-Saud, will visit Indonesia. Reporting from liputan6.com (26/02) The King will visit from March 1-9 2017. King Salman will bring an entourage of 1500 people on several Boeing aircraft, including Boeing 777, Boeing 737-800, Boeing 747-400, and the Boeing 757.
Saudi Arabia has long been one of the most familiar countries for the people of Indonesia. Not only because Saudi Arabia is the destination for the pilgrimage as part of the fifth pillar of Islam, but also because there is a lot of cooperation in various fields such as economy, culture, and education in this country. Here are some facts about Saudi Arabia that you may not have known:
- The name of Saudi Arabia in Arabic is Al-Mamlakah al-‘Arabiyah as-Sa’udiyah.
King Abdul Aziz bin Rahman Al Saud, or Ibn Saud, is considered the Father of the State of Saudi Arabia. Ibn Saud is one of the few people in history whose name was adopted as the name of his country. Al-Mamlakah al-‘Arabiyah as-Sa’udiyah means the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
This country has a green flag that reads the shahada with a sword at the bottom. His national emblem is two swords crossed with a palm tree in the open space between the swords. The swords represent the two regions, namely the Hejaz and Nejd which were united under Ibn Saud in 1926. The national anthem is Aash Al-Maleek.
- Saudi Arabia is located on the Asian continent.
Saudi Arabia is often referred to as part of the Middle East country. Geographically, Saudi Arabia is located on the Asian continent, West Asia to be exact, and is the fifth largest country in Asia.
- The government of Saudi Arabia is in the form of an absolute monarchy.
The leader is only a king, so the form of government must be a monarchy. Unlike Britain, which is a constitutional monarchy, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is an absolute monarchy where all power is in the hands of the King. This kingdom was founded on September 23, 1932. The first king of the State of Saudi Arabia was Ibn Saud who is now led by King Salman bin Abdul Azis Al-Saud.
- The capital city of Saudi Arabia is not Mecca.
It could be that it is so familiar as a pilgrimage destination, the city of Mecca is considered the capital of Saudi Arabia. But the capital city of Saudi Arabia is Riyadh City. The city of Riyadh is also the largest in the country.
- Saudi Arabia is famous as an oil country.
The country is the world’s largest producer and exporter of oil controls the world’s second-largest oil reserves and has the world’s sixth-largest gas reserves.
- Saudi Arabia is one of the founding countries of OPEC and the OIC.
The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) was established through the Baghdad Conference which was held in Baghdad, Iraq on September 10-14, 1960 by the five founding countries who were also the first member countries of OPEC. , namely Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, and Venezuela.
Apart from OPEC, Saudi Arabia was also the initiator of the birth of the OIC or Organization of the Islamic Conference (now the Organization of Islamic Cooperation) as a reaction to the burning of the Al-Aqsa Mosque that occurred on August 21, 1969. At the initiative of King Hassan II of Morocco and King Faisal of Saudi Arabia A summit organizing committee was formed consisting of 6 countries. These six countries later became known as the founders of the OIC. The six countries are Malaysia, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Pakistan, Morocco, and Nigeria.
- Saudi Arabia has the largest airport in the world.
King Fahd International Airport stands on an area of 780 km² or about 77,600 hectares. The airport is located 20 km to the northwest of the city of Dammam in Saudi Arabia. It is the largest airport in the world operated by the General Authority of Civil Aviation. The airport was inaugurated in 1999.
- Saudi Arabia uses the Islamic Month calendar.
The use of the Islamic lunar calendar began in 622 AD, which is the year the Prophet Muhammad migrated from Mecca to Medina. The Islamic year is denoted by Anno Hejira, or AH, which is the same as Anno Domini (AD), which is a Latin term meaning the year based on the birth of Jesus Christ.
- Many words in English are taken from Arabic.
The official language of Saudi Arabia is Arabic. However, many English words come from Arabic, for example, alcohol (al-kohl), alchemy (al-Kimiya), algebra (al-jabr), arsenal (dar as-sina’a), candy (qandi), coffee ( qahwa), lemon (lemon), sofa (shaffa), and others.
- Camel Race for the King’s Cup.
The King Cup is contested by 2000 racers who cross the 19 km track. Not just any race, but a camel race which is held every year during the Al-Jenandriyah National Festival in Saudi Arabia.
- Women have less freedom than men.
In Saudi Arabia, married women are not allowed to travel without the permission of their husbands, are not allowed to participate in sports competitions, and are not even represented in government circles. They are also prohibited from driving and must be accompanied by a male who is their muhrim.
But lately, the Saudi Arabian government has begun to breathe a lot of changes, for example in 2009, King Abdullah appointed Nour Al-Fayez as Minister for Women’s Education. She was the first woman appointed to fill the Majlis al-Shura, which is the environment in the government of Saudi Arabia. In addition, the country also sent four female athletes to the Olympics which took place in Rio de Janeiro in 2016 to compete in fencing, athletics, and judo.
Saudi Arabia has a long friendly relationship with Indonesia. Not only in the fields of religion and economy, but Saudi-Indonesian cooperation also thrives in the field of education. Saudi Arabia provides many scholarships for Indonesian students who are interested in studying in the country. Well, hopefully, some of the facts above help you to get to know this Indonesian friend better.