11 Mosques in the UK Inspired by Different Cultures

11 Mosques in the UK Inspired by Different Cultures

The Muslim population in Britain grew gradually in the years following the second world war, and the increasing number of mosques reflects this increase in population. There are no exact figures on the current number of mosques in the UK although estimates are around 1,500.

About 200 of them were built specifically to become mosques. While the rest are converted houses and other non-residential conversions. The following are 10 mosques in England that can be visited when visiting Queen Elizabeth’s country.

  1. 8 Brougham Terrace (Abdullah Quilliam Mosque), Liverpool

Address: 8-10 Brougham Terrace, Liverpool L6 1AE, United Kingdom
Phone: +44151 260 3986
Website: http://www.abdullahquilliam.org/

The first recorded mosque in England, this beautiful European-style house was converted in 1889 by a British lawyer, known as Abdullah Quilliam after he converted to Islam in 1887.

A mihrab (an alcove indicating the direction of Mecca) and a pulpit were installed and the call to prayer was sounded from the balcony of the first floor, but now they are no longer there.

The house has a library, reading room, museum, lecture hall, and prayer room in the building that extends from the back. The interior has been significantly renovated although it retains many of its Georgian features as well.

  1. Brick Lane Jamme Mosque, London

Address: 59 Brick Ln, Spitalfields, London E1 6QL, United Kingdom
Opening Hours: Daily, 14.00 – 19.00
Phone: +44 20 7247 6052
Website: http://bricklanejammemasjid.org.uk/

The Jamme Mosque on Brick Lane is a building that embodies East London’s rich migration history. In 1743, the French Hugenot community built a chapel for worship.

After the community moved, it became the seat of the London Society for Propagating Christianity among Jews, and later in 1819, it was reformed as a Weslyan Methodist chapel.

It was later succeeded by the London Hebrew Talmud Torah Classes, who founded the synagogue here. In 1976, after the local Jewish community moved from the area, it was opened as a mosque and has undergone many changes including, the construction of a 29-meter-high minaret.

  1. Shah Jahan Mosque, Woking

Address: 149 Oriental Rd, Woking GU22 7BA, United Kingdom
Phone: +44 1483 760679
Website: http://www.shahjahanmosque.org.uk/

The first purpose-built mosque in England was the masterpiece of Victorian Orientalism found at Woking. This shrine was designed by William Chambers in 1889.

It is the core of the Oriental Institute created by Dr. Leitner, a Hungarian-Jewish linguist who converted to Islam after working in British India. The construction of this mosque was funded by the female ruler of the Indian state of Bhopal, Sultan Shah Jahan Begum.

The Mughal-inspired design was influential in making the dome a key element in later British mosque designs. This mosque had a direct influence on the Muslim Burial Ground in Woking which was built in 1917 for soldiers who died during the First World War.

  1. Regent’s Park Mosque, London

Address: Mosque Tower, Outer Cir, London NW8 7RG, United Kingdom
Opening Hours: Daily, 09.00 – 17.00
Phone: +44 20 7724 3363
Website: http://iccuk.org/

Regents Park Mosque or London Central Mosque, also known as the Islamic Cultural Center (ICC) or Regent’s Park Mosque, is a mosque located near Regent’s Park in London, United Kingdom. This place was designed by Sir Frederick Gibberd, and completed in 1978.

What stands out from this mosque is its golden dome. The main hall can accommodate more than 5,000 worshipers. Place the ladies on the balcony overlooking the hall. This mosque has chandeliers and spacious carpets, with little furniture.

The inside of the dome is decorated with fragments of shapes in the Islamic tradition. There is also a small bookstore and halal cafe and library here. This mosque joins the Islamic Cultural Center (ICC) which was officially opened by King George VI in 1944.

The land was donated by George VI to the British Muslim community in return for the donation of land in Cairo by King Farouk of Egypt and Sudan to build an Anglican cathedral.

The mosque is close to one of the Central London stations, namely Baker Street Station. It, therefore, attracts a large number of visitors, both Muslim and non-Muslim. Every year, the mosque invites well-known religious figures to speak and give lectures.

  1. Fazl Mosque, Southfields, London

Address: 16 Gressenhall Rd, Southfields, London SW18 5QL, United Kingdom
Opening Hours: Open 24 hours
Phone: +44 20 8877 5500
Website: http://www.loveforallhatredfornone.org/

This place is the second building specifically made to be a mosque in a leafy suburb of London. This mosque was built by the first Ahmadiyya Muslim community outside India and was completed in 1925.

The ones who designed it were Mawson and his sons. The mosque’s dome design is inspired by the Mughals but adopts a modernist approach.

Its architectural repertoire can be compared to the British Empire twin towers of Wembley stadium built in 1923 by Sir John Simpson and Maxwell Ayrton, which is no longer in existence.

Both show recognition of the work of Edwin Lutyens in New Delhi who was instrumental in modernizing the traditional Mughal style.

  1. Shahjalal Mosque and Islamic Center, Rusholme, Manchester

Address: 1A Eileen Grove, Rusholme, Manchester M14 5WE, United Kingdom
Phone: +44161613 2123

The Shahjalal Mosque was founded by the Bangladeshi community in Manchester in the late 1960s. It is a purpose-built mosque built in 2001. It was designed by Libyan-born architect Hajib Gedal.

This mosque scheme incorporates a former male workers’ club which has been used as a mosque since 1968. A new prayer room, minaret, ablution facilities, and classrooms were built, and further additions were made in 2005.

Design inspiration comes from various sources. The minaret, shown here, is based on the Malwiya minaret at the Great Mosque of Samarra in Iraq.

  1. James Mosque, Spinney Hills, Leicester

Address: 51 Asfordby St, Leicester LE5 3QG, United Kingdom
Website: http://www.jameah.co.uk/

Leicester is the most multicultural place in England. The Spinney Hills area is home to seventy-one percent of South Asia’s population, about half of whom are Muslim.

Situated on a former industrial site amongst the terraces of humble working-class residences, the Jame Leicester Mosque is a prominent landmark. Inspired by the new architecture in the United Arab Emirates, an ambitious scheme was adopted to replace the previous mosque building.

Designed by an architect appointed by the Academic Office of Architecture, the mosque only opened in 2010. Luxuriously decorated, the mosque is inspired by Fatimid architecture from medieval Cairo.

  1. Al-Jamia Suffa-Tul-Islam Grand Mosque, Little Horton, Bradford

Address: Horton Park Ave, Bradford BD5 0LD, United Kingdom
Website: https://www.bradfordgrandmosque.co.uk/

Also known as the Great Mosque of Bradford, this expressive building sits on the site of a derelict railway line and station.

The foundation stone for the mosque was laid in 1999 and construction work began in 2002. After seven stages of fundraising and construction, the mosque finally opened in 2014.

Suffa-Tul-Islam, a Sunni Sufi religious mission, involved architect Atba Al-Samarraie, who had built a mosque near Leeds for the organization in the 1990s. This mosque has fourteen minarets, perhaps more than any other mosque in England.

With its pink-red sandstone, sourced from Agra in India, the Grand Mosque is one of the most visually dramatic mosques. The mosque has an eclectic style, taking inspiration from North African, Middle Eastern, Fatimid, Abbasid, and Mughal architecture.

  1. Northolt Bohra Mosque (Masjid-ul-Husseini), Northolt, London

Address: Rowdell Rd, Northolt UB5 6AG, United Kingdom
Opening Hours: Daily, 12.00 – 17.00
Phone: 020 8841 5623, 020 8845 6395
Website: http://www.londonjamaat.co.uk

The British Bohra Muslim Community has about 3,500 members. In London, worshipers are served by the purpose-built mosque at Northolt, which opened in 2010.

The building that was originally a former church in Fulham and later a former Jewish boys’ club in Hanwell serves this community since the 1970s. As the community grows, the need for a larger space increases.

Designed by architect Aliasger Jivanjee, the new mosque was inspired by the principles of Fatimid architecture. The Bohra community traces its religious and cultural roots to Fatimid Egypt.

The principle of the scheme is that the new mosque becomes part of the mahalla, namely the environment or community. Because the location is a former industrial area, apart from residential areas, two terraces were built for its adherents as part of the scheme.

  1. Al-Rahma Mosque, Liverpool

Address: 29-31 Hatherley St, Liverpool L8 2TJ, United Kingdom
Opening Hours: Monday – Friday, 10.00 – 17.00. Saturday – Sunday closed.
Phone: +44151709 2560
Website: http://www.liverpoolmuslimsociety.org.uk/

Al-Rahma Mosque managed by The Liverpool Muslim Society is a registered Muslim charity in Liverpool, England. This mosque was founded in 1953 by the late Al-Haj Ali Hizzam. In 1965 construction of the Al-Rahma Mosque began and the main hall was completed in July 1974.

At that time Al-Rahma served a small population of 3000 Muslims. The first small floor, madrasa, and Imam accommodation were added in 1979. Today, after more than 7 decades, the Muslim population in the Liverpool Region has grown to over 25,000.

Hence this mosque has undergone several expansion projects. On Fridays, the mosque accommodates between 2,000 and 2,500 people. People visit mosques in large numbers from far and wide areas to see mosques.

This mosque is usually heavily booked by the surrounding schools for their children to visit, as Islam is taught in many schools in and around Liverpool.

This place of worship has become very popular among local people and institutions. This mosque is a mosque that is often visited by Moh. Salah is a player from Liverpool FC.

  1. Sheffield Islamic Center and Mosque of Madina, Sheffield

Address: 24 Wolseley Rd, Lowfield, Sheffield S8 0ZU, United Kingdom
Phone: +44 7494 492632
Website: http: / / www. madinamasjid. org. UK

Sheffield’s largest mosque, the Islamic Centre, is located on the site where the Co-op shop, a grocery run by its shoppers, was converted into a mosque in the late 1970s.

This former Co-op and adaptation house proved inadequate for the needs of the local community. Led by a group of second-generation British-born Muslims, architect Atba Al-Samarrie was involved in designing the new mosque.

This new mosque was specially built and can accommodate many religious and social facilities in one place adequately. The mosque committee was interested in a design based on Middle Eastern and North African architecture.

This shrine is considered a place of Islamic heritage and preference for design inspiration over the South Asian heritage of the descendants of the committee members. The new Islamic center and mosque opened in 2008.

That was a row of mosques from many mosques in England. There is the first mosque in England built by a British convert, located in Liverpool. Some of these mosques are influenced by the culture that is at the root of the community that built them, such as Mughal or Egyptian culture.

If you like buildings with beautiful architecture, you will be interested in visiting these mosques in England. Are you interested in visiting the mosque that Moh? Wrong?