10 Mosques in China that Have Very Beautiful Architecture

10 Mosques in China that Have Very Beautiful Architecture

Although Islam is a minority in China, this country has many mosques. Some of these mosques are even very old and are related to several dynasties that used to rule in this country. The style of the mosque also got a lot of Chinese and Arabic influences because of the traders from the Middle East who stopped here.

Some of these mosques are famous for their beautiful architecture, so it’s no wonder they are visited by many tourists. If you are curious about mosques in China, keep reading the following article.

  1. Great Mosque of Xi’an

Address: Huajue Alley, Zhong Lou Shang Quan, Lianhu District, Xi’an, Shaanxi 710001
Opening hours: 08.00 – 19.00
Admission fee: March-November: CNY 25, Next December-February: CNY15. Muslims are free to enter.

The Great Mosque in Xi’an was first built in 742 AD and is one of the oldest, largest, and well-preserved mosques in China. According to historical records engraved on the stone slabs inside, the Great Mosque was built during the Tang Dynasty (618-907).

This mosque is an Islamic civilization that was introduced by Arab traders and travelers from Persia and Afghanistan to Northwest China during the mid-7th century when some of them lived in China and married Han women.

While in Xi’an, taking a trip to see the Great Mosque is invaluable, not only for its centuries-old history but also for its mixed architectural design, namely traditional Muslim and Chinese styles.

The mosque occupies an area of ​​more than 12,000 square meters which is divided into four courtyards, has a length of 250 meters and a width of 47 meters with a neat layout. Surrounded by gardens, this mosque makes people feel calmer when they see its interior.

  1. Niujie Mosque

Address: Xicheng District, China
Opening hours 08.00 – 16.00
Entrance fee: CNY 5 for Chinese, CNY 10 for foreigners; free for Muslims
Phone: +86 10 6353 2564

The Niujie Mosque means the Ox Road Mosque. The most historic and magnificent Niujie in Beijing. The mosque is located at Niujie Street in the Xicheng District. First built in 996, the Niujie Mosque has a history of more than a thousand years.

During that time the mosque has undergone many repairs and expansions and has welcomed Muslims from all over the world to worship. The mosque covers an area of ​​more than 6,000 square meters and its structure follows a traditional Chinese wooden palace, but its decoration is in Arabic style.

No human or animal figures were found among the mosque’s decorations because they were against the teachings. Walking along the path that runs beside the tower, visitors will find a prayer area which is the most important building in the Niujie Mosque.

This prayer hall has an area of ​​700 square meters and can accommodate thousands of worshipers. The arched gates of the hall are decorated with Koranic texts and cult poems.

Some of the texts are written in the ancient Al-Kufi Arabic script, which is rarely seen in China. The room is also decorated with various floral paintings, strands of glass beads, and stained glass, which contribute to the very important and sacred atmosphere of the hall.

  1. Tianjin Grand Mosque

Address: China, Tianjin, Hongqiao District, Dafeng Rd
Opening hours: 08.00 – 17.00
Entrance fee: CNY 8

As one of the most famous mosques in China, the Tianjin Grand Mosque has been an important holy place for Muslims since the beginning of the Qing Dynasty, which was around 1644-to 1911. Spanning an area of ​​5,000 square meters, the mosque consists of four main buildings.

The four buildings are the bulkhead, gate, prayer hall, and lecture hall. Of these, the prayer hall is the most active and respected place in the complex. The hall adopts the traditional Chinese palace architectural style.

With an area of ​​890 square meters, this hall can accommodate more than a thousand people. In the prayer hall, hang more than 60 verses and tablets written in Arabic and Chinese characters. Many of the ornaments have a history of nearly 300 years and were written by renowned calligraphers.

In addition, visitors can find exquisite brick carvings by Ma Shaoqing, a well-known artist from the Hui minority. Located at the second north gate, this precious brick sculpture, in particular, depicts the scenic spots that Tianjin is famous for.

  1. Qingjing Mosque

Address: 108 Tumen St, Licheng District, Quanzhou, Quanzhou, Fujian
Opening hours: 08.00 – 17.30
Entrance fee: CNY 3

Known as the Ashab Mosque, the Qingjing Mosque is in the middle of Tumen Street in Quanzhou. During the Song Dynasty (960-1279), Quanzhou City was one of the main ports of foreign trade and attracted many Arabs. This mosque was built and repaired by Arab Muslims. It reflects the friendship and cultural exchange between China and Arab countries. Originally built in 1009, this mosque imitates the mosque in Damascus, Syria, and is now the oldest Arabic-style mosque in China.

This magnificent mosque covers an area of ​​2,500 square meters and has a gate, Fengtian Hall and Mingshan Hall. The gate is made of diabase and white granite and consists of four fused gates.

Many of the gate domes are carved with hanging lotuses, symbolizing reverence for holiness. To the east of the gate are two stone tablets that record the reconstruction of the mosque in the Yuan (1271-1368) and Ming (1368-1644) dynasties.

Another stone slab is located near the gate and is engraved with the imperial edict of Zhu Di, the third emperor of the Ming Dynasty. He spread this fatwa to protect mosques and Islam in China.

  1. Xiaotaoyuan Mosque

Address: 52 Xiaotaoyuan St, Lao Xi Men, Huangpu, Shanghai
Opening hours: 09.00 – 17.00
Phone: +86 21 6377 5442

Another name for this mosque is the Shanghai Xicheng Hui Ethnic Church, Xiaotaoyuan Mosque is located at Xiaotaoyuan Street, hence the name of this mosque. Xiaotaoyuan Mosque is one of the famous centers of Muslim activity in Shanghai.

First built in 1907 and then rebuilt in 1925, this mosque is a mosque that has a traditional West Asian architectural style. The hallmark of this mosque is the Islamic architectural design in West Asia.

Inside the entrance, visitors will find a rectangular courtyard. Around the west side of the prayer hall is 500 square meters, which can accommodate 200 worshipers.

Standing on the east side of the courtyard is a three-story hall building, and there are libraries and reading rooms on the 2nd and 3rd floors, and a sermon room on the 1st floor.

  1. Idgar Mosque / Id Kah Mosque

Address: Kashgar, Kashgar Prefecture, China
Opening hours: 10.00 – 20.00
Entrance fee: CNY 20 and women are not allowed to visit the mosque unless accepted by the head of the mosque

This mosque was first built in 1442 and has a history of more than 500 years. The complex is a magnificent Islamic-style building consisting of a gate tower, courtyard, teaching hall, and a large prayer hall.

Every day, about 2000 to 3000 people come here to worship and this number increases to around 6000 to 7000 every Friday. During religious festivals, the number of Muslims praying around the mosque reaches 40,000 or even more.

  1. Kunming Nancheng Mosque

Address: No. 18, Zhengyi Kunming Jalan Street
Opening hours: 08.00 – 17.30
Entrance fee: Free
Phone: 0871-3628533

Kunming Nancheng Mosque is also known as a temple for prayer by the Hui People. This place of worship is a building and a symbol at the heart of Islam. This mosque is a central place for Muslims to hold prayers, religious lessons, religious education, religious activities, and others.

Built by Sedanchi, Kunming Nancheng Mosque has the appearance of a mosque influenced by Buddhist culture, featuring the architectural style of Chinese temples. As the largest mosque in Kunming, the Nancheng Mosque was first built during the Tang Dynasty (618-907).

The mosque was later renovated and reconstructed many times during the Qing Dynasty. The design of the mosque reflects the architectural style of Chinese temples due to the influence of Buddhist culture. The area of ​​the mosque is estimated at 2,557 square meters after its reconstruction in 1996.

  1. Kuqa Mosque

Address: Paha Tabaza Road, Kuqa County 842000, China

Originally the Kuqa Mosque was built in the 16th century and rebuilt in 1932. This mosque in China is the second largest mosque in Xinjiang. The building material for this mosque is bricks and is the only mosque in China that enforces a Sharia court system.

The mosque has a large hall, a religious court, a scripture study hall, a tomb of an unknown person, and the Xuanli minaret. The capacity of this mosque can accommodate 3000 people at one time. There is also a small museum and souvenir shop here.

  1. Dongguan Mosque

Address: 31 Dongguan St, Chengdong District, Xining, Qinghai, China
Opening hours 8.30 – 12.00; 13.00 – 18.00; on Friday: 15.00 – 18.00
Entrance fee: Free
Phone: +86971 817 7126

The Dongguan Mosque, located on Dongguan Road, Xining City, is the largest in Qinghai Province. Built-in 1380, this mosque has a history of more than 600 years. Not only famous for its magnificent architecture, but this mosque is also a center for religious education.

Having an area of ​​about 3 hectares, this mosque was built on a large scale. The architectural style of the mosque combines traditional Chinese architectural art and Islamic architectural features. The first thing you notice when you visit here is the arched door that reads ‘Dongguan Mosque’. On either side of the front door stood Xuanli Lou (Xuanli Pavilion). This is a special place because priests invite people to pray, Yuexiu District, Guangzhou, Prov. Guangdong
Opening hours: 08.30 – 17.00
Entrance fee: Free, but only open to Muslims and tour groups

Also known as Shizi Mosque or Guangta Mosque, Huaisheng Mosque is one of the four largest ancient mosques in China. The other three are Qingjing Mosque in Quanzhou, Xianhe Mosque in Yangzhou, and Phoenix Mosque in Hangzhou.

This mosque is also a mosque with the oldest mosque architecture in China. It is located in Yuexiu District in Guangzhou City, Guangdong. This mosque was built in the early Tang Dynasty and is one of the earliest mosques built after the emergence of Islam in China.

To commemorate the propagator of Islam, Muhammad, the mosque is named Huaisheng Mosque. And because the mosque has a cylindrical tower with a light body, it is also called the Guangta Mosque. It was destroyed by fire in 1343 AD and was rebuilt in the Ming and Qing dynasties.

Mosques in China have a long history and are connected to several dynasties that once ruled this country. The architecture of the mosque also has several influences, there are Chinese and Middle Eastern influences. Not only as places of worship, but these mosques also receive tourist visits.

If you plan to take a trip to this bamboo curtain country, you should not miss a visit to some of these historic mosques, especially for Muslims. Not only traveling, but you can also learn about history.