Chemnitz is one of the old towns in eastern Germany that may not be widely known. The city with a population of nearly 250,000 is the third largest city in the state of Saxony after Leipzig and Dresden.
The city has been around since 1143 during the reign of King Conrad III in the Holy Roman Empire. Meanwhile, its name comes from the Chemnitz River that divides the city and is located at the foot of the Iron Mountains or known as the Erzgebirge.
The city that was once converted into Karl-Max-Stadt has a variety of interesting historical relics that are worth a visit. Here are some historical buildings and unique landmarks in Chemnitz, Germany.
Schloßbergmuseum is one of the historical buildings in Chemnitz which is located not far from the downtown area or Zentrum. This building is a historical castle that was later turned into a museum to store the historical relics of Chemnitz.
The building, which was founded in 1136 during the reign of Emperor Lothar III, is very unique because it has a large area and is attached to a monastery. In addition, this castle has a very unique Gothic-style architecture and has high historical value.
- Wasserschloß Klaffenbach
Next is Wasserschloß Klaffenbach, which is located on the outskirts of the southwestern part of Chemnitz City. Meanwhile, because it is located right on the banks of the Würschnitz River, this building is nicknamed the Wasserschloss or water castle.
In addition to presenting a unique view of the castle building, the castle is also equipped with hotels and restaurants along with a fairly large garden. Not only that here is also often used as a concert venue, golf area, and others.
- Karl Marx Monument
The Karl Marx Monument is one of the main landmarks in Chemnitz. The monument, which is located in the Zentrum area, is a statue of the head of a German philosopher named Karl Marx who sparked the idea of socialism and communism.
While this monument has been erected in 1953 when the name of the City of Chemnitz was changed to Karl-Marx-Stadt. Moreover, that year coincided with the 70th anniversary of the death of Karl-Marx and even became the celebrated Karl Marx Jahr in East Germany.
The 7-meter-high monument was designed by an artist from the Soviet Union named Lev Kerbel. After the German reunification, this monument was maintained even though some parties wanted to destroy this historical landmark in Chemnitz.
- Chemnitzer Rathaus
Chemnitzer Rathaus or Chemnitz Town Hall is one of the main historical buildings in Chemnitz. While this building consists of two separate buildings, namely Altes Rathaus and Neue Rathaus.
The Altes Rathaus or Old Town Hall was founded in the late 15th century and has undergone several design changes. While the building is so beautiful that it shows typical Renaissance architecture.
While the Neues Rathaus or New Town Hall was founded in the early 20th century, according to the plans of the architect Richard Möbius. This Art Nouveau-style building combines very well with the Altes Rathaus, although the style of the building looks very different.
- Industriemuseum Chemnitz
Then there is the Chemnitz Industriemuseum which is located in the southwest part of Zentrum. This museum building occupies an ancient factory building former metal processing which was founded by Hermann and Alfred Escher in 1907.
Meanwhile, the museum exhibits the industrial history of Saxony, especially the City of Chemnitz. No wonder in this museum there are various goods produced and consumed by the citizens of Saxony for two centuries.
In addition, it is known that there is an exhibition area for textile production, machine manufacturing, and car engines in Saxony. It is also often used for various thematic events, including exhibitions, holiday activities, and others.
- Roter Turm
Roter Turm or Red Tower is a major landmark as well as one of the oldest buildings in Chemnitz. This tower has been built in the 12th century and its name is taken from the color of the building which is reddish brown.
This ancient building was originally used as a watchdog and defense for the residential area of Chemnitz. This tower was once incorporated into the city’s defensive walls in the 13th century.
Then Roter Turm was used as a prison until the 19th century, along with the destruction of the defensive walls. During World War II, this building was badly damaged by Allied air bombing.
Finally, there is the Lutherkirche which is one of the unique churches in Chemnitz that uses the name, Martin Luther. This church building has been around since 1908 and was built by an architect named Otto Kuhlmann.
The church which has a 64-meter-high tower presents a neo-Romanesque architectural style on several sides of the building. This church is known as the first concrete building in Chemnitz.
Those were the seven historic buildings in Chemnitz that present amazing unique architecture. For those of you who want to visit Germany, don’t forget to stop at Chemnitz, OK?