Although currently, the majority of the Spanish population are Catholic Christians, the Islamic government has also ruled in Spain. Relics from the reign of Islam can still be seen in some of the buildings. Its historical heritage is rich in artistic value from the Moors that endured during their 700 years of rule.
Many buildings reflect the beauty of the building from the Islamic period even though the building has been converted into a cathedral. Some of the ornaments of Islam can still be felt. The following are some places of pilgrimage in Spain that you can visit that still show the beauty of their Islamic-style ornaments.
- Mosque of Cordoba
Address: Calle Cardenal Herrero, Córdoba, Spain
Opening Hours: Monday-Saturday: morning 08.30 – 11.30, afternoon 15.00 – 19.00
HTM: Mosques-Cathedral €10, Bell tower €2, Evening €18
Phone: +34 957 47 05 12
The Cordoba Mosque is an important relic of Islamic history in the western world. At this time the mosque serves as a Cathedral of the Diocese of Cordoba. But you can still see the remnants of Islamic heritage in the architecture of the building such as horseshoe-like arches with many pillars. The arch is adapted from the Great Mosque of Damascus.
The Cordoba Mosque was built on the initiative of Abd-Rahman I and underwent expansion by his successors. As Badr Rahman III added a tower building, his son, Al-Hakam II, added a mihrab with its beautiful decoration. The mosque building has Moorish-style architecture and in 1236 it was converted into a cathedral.
Address: C. Real de la Alhambra, Granada, Spain
Opening Hours: Monday-Saturday, morning 08.30 – 11.30, afternoon 15.00 – 19.00
HTM: Mosques-Cathedral €10
Phone: +34 957 47 05 12
Al-Hamabra is a palace complex. The name Al-Hambara comes from the reddish-colored castle walls. The location of Al-Hambra itself is in the city of Granada, Andalusia Spain, precisely on top of a Sabika hill to the left of the Darro River. Its location above the evidence makes it strategic for viewing the entire city from a height.
The palace complex is surrounded by an irregularly shaped fort. It is estimated that Al-Hambra dates from the 9th century which was originally a rebuilt Roman fort. Its construction was carried out by Nasrid Emir Mohammed bin Al-Ahmar. Then it was turned back into a fort by Yusuf I, a Sultan of Granada.
- Madinat Azahara
Address: Ctra. Palma del Río, km 5.5, 14005 Córdoba, Spain
Opening Hours: 09.00 – 18.00
Phone: +34 957 10 36 37
The archaeological remains of Madinat Al-Zahra are not far from Cordoba. These ruins testify to a city that was once built by Abd-Rahman III, which took about 25 years to build. The city was built in a place with a beautiful view overlooking a valley called the Guadalquivir River.
But this city is now only ruins which used to be the majestic place of a city with its palace. Currently, only part of the building fragments can be seen, from the palace, government buildings, gardens, and of course the most prominent place in the whole city, namely the Abd-ar-Rahman Hall which is full of beautiful ornaments.
Address: Patio de Banderas, s/n, 41004 Seville, Spain
Opening Hours: 09.30 – 19.00
HTM: Alcazar € 11.50, Royal High Room € 4.50
Phone: +34 954 50 23 24
The Alcazar is a royal palace located in Seville which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Originally Alcazar was a fortress built on orders from the Caliph of Andalusia Abd-ar Rahman III which was later converted into a palace by King Al-Moetamid in the 11th century. He was the last king of the Abbadid Dynasty.
In the 14th century, this palace fell into the hands of the Spanish, so the palace was expanded as the residence of the king of Spain. This palace building has a Mudejar building style that combines Gothic, Roman, and Renaissance styles. Until now the upper part of the Alcazar palace is still used as a royal residence and is the oldest palace building that is still inhabited.
- La Madraza Granada
Address: Espacio V Centenario, Avda, Madrid, Granada, Spain.
Opening Hours: Monday-Sunday, 10.30 – 13.00
This building is a madrasa or place of learning which was built on the orders of Yusuf I, an emir or ruler of Granada. The location of the madrasa itself is not far from the mosque which has now become the Granada Cathedral. In this place, they taught theology, law, medicine, astronomy, mathematics, logic, and mechanics. Today this madrasa building is part of the University of Granada as the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of Our Lady of Sorrows. Currently, the original building of this madrasa is gone, replaced by a building in the Baroque style. Remains of the building parts of this madrasa can now be seen in the Archaeological Museum of Granada.
- Calahorra Tower
Address: Puente Romano, Córdoba, Spain
Opening Hours: 10.00 – 18.00
HTM: € 4.50
Phone: +34 957 293 929
The Calahorra Tower according to some studies is a building that was built during the Islamic period and was then used and changed during the Christian period. The building functions as part of the defense because the bridge can be an access to the city so that if there is a conflict it will be easy for the enemy to enter the city. Although it looks small the building is tough.
This tower is estimated to have been built during the Caliph Almohad and is located on the left side of the river standing majestically. It’s not just the outside that looks majestic. Inside the tower, there is a museum that houses artifacts and historical documents that tell the history of Cordoba that describe a peaceful religious life.
- La Torre del Oro
Address: Paseo de Cristóbal Colón, Seville, Spain
Opening Hours: 09.30 – 18.45
HTM: Adults € 3, Children 6-14 years old € 1.50
Phone: +34 954 22 24 19
Torre del Oro is a tower that was built during the Caliph Almohad around the 13th century. This tower itself has the meaning of a golden tower that comes from history when Andalusia was in its heyday. The tower is located near the Guadalquivir River and serves as a place to control shipping on the Guadalquivir River.
Currently, the top of the tower is used as a maritime museum showing ship models, antique shipping instruments, and shipping maps. In the past, around the Middle Ages, this tower served as a prison. The tower that Almohad built on the third floor was damaged by an earthquake and was rebuilt in 1760.
Location: Granada, Brazil
Albaicín or Albaycin is an old district that looks amazing. A city in Granada that looks different with Moorish architectural influences. Its narrow winding streets take every visitor to the city back to the days of the Nasrid Kingdom of Granada. the shape of the road is a hallmark of urban planning in the Moorish period.
The Islamic heritage in Albaicín can still be seen as the oldest street, namely Carrera Del Darro, which is interesting to visit. In addition, there are also relics in the form of a mosque from the 16th century which has now been turned into a church. There is also an Arabic bath from the 11th century. His legacy includes Albaicín in a World Heritage Site along with Al Hambra.
- Alcazaba Malaga
Address: Calle Alcazabilla, Malaga, Spain
Opening Hours: 09.30 – 18.45
HTM: General € 3.50, Schoolchildren (6-12 years) € 2.00
Phone: +34 630 93 29 87
Alcazaba is a castle and also a palace in Malaga. This Moorish-style castle was built around the 11th century by the Hammudid Dynasty and is a well-preserved relic. The location of the fort itself is on a hill called Gibralfaro.
The architecture of Alcazaba has architecture dating from the period of the Nasrid Empire, although the architecture is not too much influenced by the architecture of Medina Azahara or the Mosque of Cordoba. Alcazaba and Al-Hambra have column types that do not exist in other buildings. The column at Alcazaba is thinner and has a ring section above it.
- Aljaferia, Zaragoza
Address: Calle de los Diputados, Zaragoza, Aragon, Spain
Opening Hours: 10.00 – 14.00 (morning), 16.30 – 20.00 (afternoon)
HTM: Adults€ 5.00, Groups (more than 20 people), Children and seniors, students € 5.00
Phone: +34 976289683
Aljaferia is a castle with a medieval fortress built in the 11th century in the second half of Taifa, Zaragoza. This palace is the residence of the Banu Hud dynasty during the reign of Abu Jaffar Al-Muqtadir. This building is a reflection of the heyday that Taifa Zaragoza has achieved with its grandeur.
Aljaferia Palace is a building that is an example of a building that has a Spanish Islamic architectural style, along with two other buildings, the Cordoba Mosque and the Alhambra Castle. During the Conquest of Zaragoza by Alfonso I of Aragon, this palace began to change with Renaissance architecture and became the palace of a Catholic king.
So, those are some of the Islamic relics found in Spain that you can visit. Some of the relics of Islamic history have changed to the Islamic government’s conquest. But the beauty of the remnants of Islamic heritage is still felt in the style of the building.
In addition to historical relics in the form of buildings that are rich in ornaments, there are also relics in the form of urban planning. An old district with Moorish style, you can enjoy its winding and narrow streets. A place that will take you back for a walk in the past. Interesting right?