10 Magnificent Ancient Roman Monuments, Still Standing Strong To This Day

10 Magnificent Ancient Roman Monuments in the Worlds

With a long history, the power of the Roman Empire at its peak had stretched from Morocco and Western Portugal to Egypt and Armenia in the East.

The Roman Empire was founded in 31 BC (BC), then its continuity had to collapse in 1453 AD when the Great City of Constantinople fell to the Ottomans.

Because the area covered is quite wide and the time experienced is extraordinary. The Roman Empire certainly left some impressive monuments or heritage buildings.

While their heyday is long gone, today the monuments are important historical landmarks and world-famous tourist destinations.

Below are 10 ancient Roman monuments that are still standing and we can see magnificently today. Come on, let’s go!

  1. Aqueduct of Segovia

Located in the heart of the historical center of the Spanish City of Segovia, this picturesque aqueduct is one of the best-preserved structures of its kind. The name Aqueduct of Segovia itself is a combination of two Latin words, namely aqua (water) and ducere (for leader).

The Aqueduct of Segovia is believed to have been built by the Romans around the first century AD to transport water from the Rio Frio River in the nearby mountains to the City of Segovia for distribution to the surrounding community.

The Rio Frio River has located about 17 km from the city so the architectural form like a wall is indirectly inspired by river water.

This two-level aqueduct features some beautiful brick walls with the highest point reaching 29 meters with a total of 88 arches of which of course these elegant arches have all stood the test of time so there is no reason for every tourist who visits to refuse the beauty. Aqueduct of Segovia.

  1. Tower of Hercules

Reputed to be the world’s oldest surviving tower, the Tower of Hercules has neglected Spain’s wilderness and rugged North Atlantic coastline since at least the second century.

When built by the Romans, the design of the tower was based on the legendary lighthouse of Pharos Alexandria or the Tower of Alexandria. The Tower of Hercules rises to 55 meters. This sturdy-looking tower was last renovated in 1791 when the first Roman stone was repaired.

Situated in a beautiful spot on the Spanish-Galicia Peninsula, from here the sea seems to stretch out as if it had no end. However, it is said that the Tower of Hercules or the Tower of Hercules was seen as the end of the world for the Romans.

Then are you interested in visiting here?

  1. Also Arena

One of the largest surviving Roman amphitheaters is located in Pula-Croatia, the Pula Arena. Pula Arena has a spectacular architectural view as it still retains the complete range of sparkling white limestone walls that were built between 27 BC and 68 AD.

The arena presented offers hundreds of magnificent arch forms located on the second and third floors. In its heyday, the amphitheater arena will be able to accommodate up to 23,000 cheering spectators.

Apart from the iconic arches, Pula Arena also has some fantastic underground galleries. The other part also has a total of four side towers where one tower stands in each corner of the building which is beautifully lit up at night.

Even though its heyday has passed, Pula Arena still regularly hosts events although nowadays rock bands and opera singers take the stage instead of gladiators in Croatia. It’s really interesting, isn’t it?

  1. Library of Celcus

The Library of Celcus is located in the Ancient Greek City, Ephesus Turkey, or more precisely now in the Izmir Province, Turkey.

The Library of Celcus is a place that is glorified in addition to its very beautiful architecture, as well as a tomb of historical monuments.

One of the remaining libraries from the Roman Empire as well as a trace of Roman literacy is the Library of Celcus. The Library of Celcus or the Celcus Museum was built around 117 BC as a tomb monument to Tiberius Julius Celsus Polemaeanus.

However, unfortunately in 262 BC most of the buildings had been destroyed in a fire and it took a long time to repair them. However, due to its magnificent facade with fine details and stunning sculptures, it was finally re-established in the 1970s where it is believed to have a large collection of scrolls totaling around 12,000 scrolls.

The beautiful Library of Celcus was once one of the largest libraries in the Ancient Roman Empire. However, now it has become a favorite tourist destination and looks very charming when illuminated under the night sky. So, if you want to see how beautiful the blend of cultural architecture between Rome and Greece is, then you must visit here.

  1. Diocletian’s Palace

Diocletian’s Palace was built to be a luxurious and stately retirement home for the people of the Roman Empire at that time.

Diocletian’s Palace or Diocletian’s Palace is a palace that is still very well preserved and even resembles a fortress with its extensive building structure.

Diocletian’s Palace was used for two purposes, one of them as a private residence and the rest as the headquarters of the military garrison. This complex of buildings now forms almost half of the old capital of Split in Croatia which looks like it was split apart.

This huge complex is very interesting to explore, even tourists will find huge towers and sturdy gates that sit alongside the intricate facade. The entire complex of Diocletian Palace is constructed of white limestone and gleaming marble.

The buildings located along the city’s waterfront were built for decades in the third and fourth centuries AD. Diocletian’s Palace is now one of the monuments as well as a UNESCO Heritage that must be visited while in Croatia.

  1. Amphitheater of El Jem

One of the largest and well-preserved Roman monuments and is included in the next UNESCO World Heritage Site is the Amphitheater of El Jem. The Amphitheater of El Jem can now be found in the Tunisian city of El Jem of the same name.

The Amphitheater of El Jem was built around 238 AD and is one of the largest amphitheaters in the world. This colossal Roman heritage arena can be used to accommodate an audience of up to 35,000 people at that time, which was used to watch gladiatorial fights and other public spectacles.

Stone beams and large arches still stand strong today. Even in times of trouble, the entire town would retreat to the confines of protection behind the walls of the Amphitheater of El Jem.

Does this stunning amphitheater seem familiar to you? If so, it’s probably because the Amphitheater of El Jem has been shown in films like Monty Python’s Life of Brian and Gladiator. That’s cool!

  1. Pont du Gard

An outstanding engineering feat, the Pont du Guard or Guard Bridge is the most impressive part of the 50-kilometer aqueduct. At that time, the Guard Bridge was built to bring water to Neem in France which today still stands firmly stretching as wide as the Gardon River, France.

This aqueduct became the tallest of all aqueducts during the Roman Era. The Guard Bridge is accompanied by a towering three arch form, which has a height of up to 50 meters.

In the first century, the Guard Bridge was rebuilt. Then after being rebuilt and considered still very good, the local authorities at that time used it as a bridge crane for centuries.

Set in a beautiful location, Pond de Guard can make for some fantastic photos, you know. Even now, this bridge and aqueduct have become a popular destination as well as the most important historical monument in Languedoc, Southern France.

  1. Pantheon

Since the end of 125 BC, the Pantheon, now in Rome-Italy, has been a defining feature of the center of Rome. Pantheon means the temple of all the Gods in Ancient Greece.

The Pantheon began its history as a temple, which was later converted into a Catholic Church in the 7th century AD. This is evidenced by historical traces with the existence of ancient chapels and tombs punctuated by beautiful paintings and sculptures.

The large Corinthian columns, domes, and circular structures of the Rotunda are as well preserved as ever and have been in continuous use for centuries. When calculated from the beginning of its construction, the architecture of the Pantheon has been standing and used for more than 1800 years.

Tourists who visit here will always be amazed by the beauty inside this building. Where on the inside of the building there is a shiny marble floor covered by porphyry and granite.

The Pantheon has played a very influential role in the architecture of the Western region. The columns of the Pantheon and its beautiful portico with the dome-topped Oculus have been replicated many times around the world, one of which is the Jefferson Memorial-Washington D.C., United States of America.

  1. Temples of Baalbeck

Known as the City of the Sun God, the sprawling Baalbek complex is home to some of the most impressive Roman heritage trails. Here there are at least two of the largest and grandest buildings, namely the Temple of Bacchus and the Temple of Jupiter which were made to be the largest temples during the Roman Empire at that time.

The Baalbek complex is located in modern-day Lebanon, formerly used as a place of worship. So it can be said that Baalbek is an important sacred area as a center of worship.

The Temple of Jupiter or Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus is the largest temple with a pillar architecture that supports it as many as 54 large granite columns with each having a height of 21 meters. However, unfortunately now there are only five columns with six Corinthian-style front pillars still standing without a building envelope, even so, these six pillars are very impressive, aren’t they?

Slightly different from the Temple of Jupiter, the Temple of Bacchus is by far the most well-preserved and grandest Roman temple in the world. The Temple of Bacchus is thought to have been built around 150 BC. Having a building measuring 65 meters long, 35 meters wide and 31 meters makes it look very large and only slightly different from the Temple of Jupiter.

The Baalbek area in the Bekaa Valley, Lebanon is still a historical site on the UNESCO World Heritage list and is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Lebanon. For lovers of historical destinations, the Baalbek area is a must for you to visit!

  1. Colosseum

One of the most famous buildings ever built was the Colosseum. The Colosseum or Colosseum is a Roman heritage building that almost needs no introduction and is located in the heart of Rome, Italy.

The year 72 AD was the year in which the amphitheater was officially built. This enormous oval amphitheater is a testament to the greatest architectural glory of the Roman Empire and remains strong nearly 2000 years after the end of his reign.

The Colosseum has building dimensions with a length of 188 meters, a width of 156 meters, and a height of 48 meters, bringing the total area of ​​the entire building to 2.5 hectares. Meanwhile, there is the form of the building in the form of three large floors with a total of 80 arch columns that form the outer walls as a fantastic interior view.

In the seating area, tourists can experience the endless sensation and network of underground tunnels and fantastic rooms that were once used to lie under the arena floor. Over the centuries countless gladiator contests, as well as hunting animals and even mock battlegrounds, took place in the amphitheater.

Based on its architecture at the time, the Colosseum could accommodate about 80,000 spectators so it is not surprising that one of the most iconic symbols of the Ancient Roman Empire is the Colosseum.

The Colosseum is a must-visit site for its stunning architecture coupled with its spectacular size. Without exception, the importance of learning history is contained in it.

Those are some of the magnificent monuments of the Ancient Roman Empire that are still well preserved and of course, have stood the test of time to this day. So, which historical building would you most like to visit?