Italy is not only famous for a variety of delicious dishes but also for interesting tourist destinations to visit. Besides Rome, Turin is one of the cities that is a pity to miss. Located at the foot of the Alps, this city has a long history and architecturally impressive buildings.
Turin is also renowned as the center of contemporary industry and design in Italy. No wonder there are many museums with interesting collections. So, you can enjoy the beauty of nature and the richness of art and culture at the same time.
Want to know more about Turin? Let’s take a look at some of the interesting facts below!
- The first capital of Italy united in 1861
Before it became what it is today, Turin had a long history. Hannibal, the warlord during the invasion of Italy, destroyed the region in 218 BC. However, several centuries later Turin became an important “home” for Roman military camps.
In the Middle Ages, after the collapse of the Roman Empire, Turin was ruled by Lambordians, Franks, and Goths until the influence of the House of Savoy dynasty emerged. In the 15th century, the region became the capital of a developing country. The magnificent palace became one of the relics of the Savoy government.
The important role of this region made the French continue to attack Turin as a form of invasion. Despite territorial struggles, Turin was once the capital of the Kingdom of Sadinia, later becoming the first capital of Unified Italy in 1861. The region grew to become one of the country’s new industrial powerhouses attracting migrants across the country.
- The center of the famous automotive industry in Italy
Under Mussolini who took over the country in 1922, Fiat was created to produce military technology for the army. This made Turin a target for Allied bombing in World War II. However, Turin was one of the fastest regions in Italy to recover in the postwar years. This area is developing economically through its automotive industry.
Turin became the center of the earliest Italian automotive industry – Spa, Italia, Lancia, Fiat – followed by textile and mechanical factories. Since then, Turin has achieved prosperity and progress in industry, commerce, and culture. Unfortunately, Turin was hit by a severe crisis in the 1980s which never fully recovered after losing most of its population.
In 2006, Turin hosted the Winter Olympics which provided a boost to the economy and transport infrastructure. Turin is again the birthplace of several state companies, such as Telecom Italia, television, and cinema.
- Known as the city of film and cinema
The birth of cinema in Turin made it a city of film and cinema. According to the official website of Italy’s National Tourism Agency, Turin was the first metropolis to see the emergence of motion pictures, in 1914. Cabiria, by Giovanni Pastrone, is a silent film with subtitles by Gabriele D’Annunzio that was shown to the public.
Today, Turin hosts a large number of cinemas. In addition, the city’s theater stage is also a lot so that it can meet the tastes of diverse audiences. Some of these include the colossal Teatro Stabile that stands next to the Teatro Regio, dedicated to opera, music, and dance.
Turin is also “home” to the National Cinema Museum located in the Mole Antonelliana, a magnificent and most famous 19th-century building. You can enjoy a collection of films to see views of the city from the top of the building with a 360-degree angle.
- An important center for contemporary art and design
The remnants of Turin’s glory can still be enjoyed in the modern era today. There are many famous buildings of Renaissance, Baroque, Rocco, Neo-classical, and Art Nouveau architecture. No wonder this city is important for contemporary art and design.
Among the many buildings of medieval architecture, some of which are worth your visit. As reported by Italian Heritage, the Royal Palace of Savoy is included in a UNESCO World Heritage site that is a pity to miss. There is also the Cathedral of St. John the Baptist where the holy shroud is preserved since 1578.
In addition to typical European architectural buildings, you can visit various museums that collect art items. Most of the buildings have been converted, such as the Lingotto Building. The building was once the largest car factory in the world, now turned into a convention center, concert hall, art gallery, and shopping center.
- The birthplace of delicious solid chocolate
In addition to industry, art, and design, it turns out that Turin has its charm for culinary lovers. Not only Belgium is famous as a chocolate producer, but Turin has also earned the nickname of the “birthplace” of solid chocolate. In the late 18th century, Mr. Doret invented the solid chocolate-making machine.
Gianduiotto is the name for the signature chocolate produced by the Turin chocolate company. Every year, the city hosts Cioccolato, a two-week chocolate festival. This festival is held by several international companies, such as Venchi and Lindt & Sprungli.
Now you know more about Turin, right? A city at the foot of the Alps, presenting natural beauty and works of art and culture in harmony. Can be included in the list of tourist destinations that are worth a visit, here!