10 Most Famous Historic Landmarks of Italy

Not only famous for spaghetti or pizza. Italy is a melting pot of history and art and makes it a must-visit place. Its historical heritage has had such a wide influence on human civilization in the world. Some of its relics still stand strong today.

There are so many historical places that you can visit in Italy. There are so many you may be confused about where to start. Here are some landmarks in Italy that you must visit when you first come here. Everything looks beautiful and charming you can’t just miss it.

  1. Colosseum (Rome)

Location: Piazza del Colosseo, 1, 00184 Roma RM, Italy
Operating Hours: 09.00-16.30
This building is perhaps the most widely recognized landmark of the Colosseum. The landmark that has stood for two thousand years is an amphitheater or also a battle arena for gladiators. This building is similar to a football stadium today. The place can accommodate about 50 thousand spectators with 80 entrances.

The Colosseum is located in the center of Rome, built around 72 AD during the reign of Emperor Vespasian and completed in 80 AD by his son Titus. Not only as a gladiatorial battle arena, the Colosseum is also designed to be watertight so that it can display performances from naval battles by flowing water into the arena.

  1. Roman Forum (Rome)

Location: Via della Salara Vecchia, 5/6, 00186 Roma RM, Italy
Operating Hours: 08.30-18.30
This one place is also a landmark full of historical value, namely the Roman Forum. The place is a ruin that was originally a market which then slowly turned into a center of politics and religion. Here you can find temples, public places, with the most famous place being the Curia Julia, a senate building.

Excavations at the Roman Forum are still to find out how old these spectacular ruins are. Walking down the Roman Forum, your footsteps seem to be transported back in time, in the heyday of Rome in the past. The place not only offers its valuable history, but also the art of architecture and culture that flourished at that time.

  1. Milan Cathedral (Milan)

Location: Piazza Duomo 14/a, 20122 Milan, Italy
Operating Hours: 08.00-19.00
Milan Cathedral or commonly known as the Duomo di Milano, is a building with stunning architecture that you must see. Milan Cathedral is the third largest cathedral building in the world built around the 14th century AD. This building is a masterpiece of many artists, as well as sculptors, and more than 78 architects who also took part.

This cathedral with gothic architecture took up to six centuries to be completed starting from around 1386. On the roof of this cathedral building can be visited by tourists. From up here visitors can admire the architectural beauty of the cathedral which took 600 years to build.

  1. Tower of Pisa (Tuscany)

Location: Piazza del Duomo, 56126 Pisa, Italy
Operating Hours: 09.00-19.00
The Tower of Pisa is a landmark that also attracts many visitors, all of whom are of course curious about the building’s tilted position. The slope of the Tower of Pisa is because the building was built on sandy land. This 12th-century building in Tuscany experiences a gradual tilt every year.

The tower itself is part of a cathedral complex called Campo dei Miracoli. This tower is a bell tower whose construction took about 200 years. Currently, various methods have been carried out to strengthen the building so that the building does not tilt or collapse.

  1. The Pantheon (Rome)

Location: Piazza della Rotonda, 00186 Roma RM, Italy
Operating Hours: 08.30-19.15
HTM: Free
The Pantheon is a building from ancient Rome that is still well maintained. The architecture of the building is what attracts people to visit it. The building was originally a temple of an ancient roman god, before being rebuilt during the reign of Emperor Hadrian around the year 125, after the initial building caught fire.

The uniqueness of the Pantheon lies in its dome which has a hole in the middle called the Oculus as a source of lighting.

In addition, the Pantheon is also the place where the famous painter of the Renaissance, Raphael was buried. The greatness of this building is also because this 2 thousand year old building can stand tall and survive wars and natural disasters.

  1. Trevi Fountain (Rome)

Location: Piazza di Trevi. 00187, Rome, Italy
Operating Hours: 24 Hours
HTM: Free
One place that is also popularly visited by many people is the Trevi Fountain or commonly known as the Fontana di Trevi. This fountain is the largest baroque art work in Rome which is very beautiful. This work of art was sculpted using marble, designed by an Italian architect named Nicola Salvi, and completed by Giuseppe Pannini.

This fountain is famous for its three-coin toss myth. The myth says if you toss the first coin you will return to Rome, the second coin, you will find love, the third coin you will get married. You can try it by tossing the coin with your right hand over your left shoulder.

  1. Pompeii (Pompeii)

Location: Pompeii, Province of Naples, Campania, Italy
Operating Hours: 09.00-19.00
The ruins of the ancient city of Pompeii were discovered in 1748, located between the Amalfi Coast and the City of Naples. The entire ruins of this city are about 440,000 m2. Visiting this place takes a long time as it can’t be completed in one day, seeing how vast this archaeological site is. The entire city building is preserved under thick volcanic ash

When you walk through the city of Pompeii, you are like walking back in time. A city that is important in the economy. The glory of this city is reflected in the frescoes left in the dwellings of the upper class residents. All these relics certainly attract curiosity, how their life was before Mount Vesuvius buried the entire city.

  1. Verona Arena (Verona)

Location: Piazza Bra, 1, 37121 Verona VR, Italy
Operating Hours: 09.00-19.00
Verona Arena is an amphitheater where gladiators fought. The amphitheater in Verona is the largest amphitheater in Italy. Today the amphitheater is also still used for big events such as opera performances which are held every year. The best time to visit this place is in summer, when there are many opera performances.

Verona Arena is a Roman heritage building, built around the first century during the reign of Emperor Augustus or Claudius. The amphitheater can accommodate up to 30 thousand people, but for safety reasons, currently only about 15 thousand are allowed. Not only classical music, Verona also organizes music events that are popular today.

  1. Canals in Venice

Location: Veneto, Venice, Italy
Operating Hours: 09.00-19.00
Gondola fare: 80 EURO-120 EURO
Venice is a city famous for its canals. There are three main canals in Venice, namely the Grand Canal which forms the letter S and its position divides the city.

Next up is the Giudecca Canal, which is a shipping lane and separates the six districts of Venice. Then the last is the Canal Cannareguo which connects the Grand Canal with the Venetian lagoon.

Apart from the three main canals, there are still smaller canals of about 150 canals. The uniqueness of this canal invites many tourists to walk along it using a gondola. If you want to go by gondola, it’s better to go along the small canals which are usually called rio, here your trip will feel more romantic.

  1. St. Peter’s Basilica (Rome)

Location: Piazza San Pietro, 00120 Città del Vaticano, Vatican
Operating Hours: 07.00-19.00
HTM: Free
Actually this Basilica is part of the Vatican, but because it is still located in the City of Rome, it doesn’t hurt if you try to visit it. St. Peter’s Basilica is the largest Catholic church in the world. This church was built around 1506 to 1626.

St. Peter’s Basilica has an area of ​​15,160 square meters for the inside, while for the outside area of ​​about 21,095 square meters. This place is estimated to be able to accommodate about 20 thousand worshipers. This basilica is an interesting place to visit with many works of art by Michelangelo and Bernini that adorn every corner.

Italy is a country rich in ancient history which is also preserved in its buildings. The beauty of its architecture fills every corner of the city, so that your trip to each city is not wasted. The uniqueness of the buildings that can even last for thousands of years, is truly extraordinary.

Every landmark that is present in the city becomes an iconic symbol, which makes Italy an interesting country to visit, from history buffs, architecture or religious activities. Each place certainly makes you curious, which landmarks would you like to visit in Italy?