10 Types of French Desserts that are Beautiful and Delicious

10 Types of French Desserts that are Beautiful and Delicious

Besides being famous as a fashion mecca in the world, France is also a leader in the culinary industry. This country is known the world over for its bread, cheese, and beautiful treats. France has an elaborate range of appetizers, creates several varieties of wine and champagne, and, most importantly, creates some of the best and most decadent French desserts in the world.

Colorful macarons to light puff pastry to paper-thin pancakes are just a few of the typical French desserts that are sure not only to tantalize the eye but also to taste. Want to know a French dessert that is not only delicious but also beautiful? Check out the following article.

  1. Mille-Feuille

Pronounced meel-Foy, mille-feuille is a classic French pastry known as millfoglie in Italian. Both names mean “a thousand leaves” because of the layered look of these pastries.

Mille-feuille has a very interesting blend of flavors and textures. This French dessert is also rich in flavor and light, layered, and creamy. Although not too sweet, this cake will satisfy you, sweet food lovers. This cake can be enjoyed while drinking tea or drinking coffee.

Like Napoleon cake, which traditionally uses almond cream, mille-feuille consists of a layer of crispy puff pastry filled with custard cake cream. The top is then decorated with glossy royal icing and intricate designs of chocolate or colored icing.

It’s not hard to make mille-feuille from scratch, especially if you’re using frozen puff pastry dough. Keep in mind that this is a time-consuming process, and allow sufficient time to prepare, bake, bake, and cool.

To bake the pastry layers, prepare parchment paper and allow additional preparation time if you make your puff pastry dough. Mille-feuille can be combined a day or two before serving.

  1. Mousse

This light, creamy, sweet, or savory snack originated in 18th century France. The word mousse itself means foam in French, and its frothy texture comes from the air bubbles trapped throughout.

Sweet mousses are usually made with whipped egg whites or whipped cream, and come in a variety of flavors such as chocolate, vanilla, or strawberry. The most famous of course is the chocolate mousse or mousse au chocolate.

Although it is not known who invented this French dessert, the first recipe for chocolate mousse is believed to date back to the second half of the 19th century. Once an exclusive specialty for French food, mousse began to appear in American and British restaurants in the 1960s.

  1. Paris-Brest

Paris-Brest is a traditional cake served as the crown of a choux cake filled with praline mousseline cream, vanilla cake cream mix, peanut praline paste, and whipped butter and sprinkled with almonds.

This cake is halved horizontally and topped with a sprinkling of powdered sugar. This French dessert was created to celebrate the Paris-Brest-Paris cycling race. That’s where this cake got its name. Moreover, the cake is shaped like a bicycle wheel.

This cake was created in 1910 by pastry chef Louis Durand as a tribute to the Paris-Brest-Paris long-distance bicycle race. The circular shape of the cake is meant to depict a bicycle wheel.

Pâtisserie Durand, still owned and operated by the Durand family, claims to have the original recipe, but fortunately, this has not prevented pastry chefs around the world from serving their version of this dessert.

  1. Parfaits

The name for this partially frozen French dessert means perfect. So one can imagine that its creators wanted the eating experience to be no less thrilling than the name suggests.

A parfait is a frozen dessert made from egg yolks, sugar, and whipped cream and can be flavored with some additional ingredients such as fruit, nuts, or coffee.

But now parfaits can be made with savory ingredients too and there are versions made with seafood, vegetables, and even foie gras, namely goose liver. Parfaits were originally served on decorative plates, but are now usually served in small-diameter, tall, and thin glasses.

  1. Clafoutis

Clafoutis is a traditional cake covered with cherries. What makes clafoutis so special is that this signature French dessert is completely covered with a thick, flan-like dough, which makes the cherry only partially visible.

This cake can also be made with other fruits, such as prunes. It can be served hot or cold depending on how you eat it. Clafoutis originates from the Limousin region of France. Although black cherries are the traditional choice, there are many variations of the fruits used in clafoutis including red cherries, plums, apples, pears, cranberries, or blackberries. When other types of fruit are used instead of cherries, the dish is called a flaugnarde.

The name of this dish comes from Occitan clafotís, from the verb clafir, which means “to fill.” This is implied in “dough with cherries.” Apparently during the 19th century clafoutis spread throughout France.

  1. Profiterole

This chocolate-covered puff pastry is filled with whipped cream, custard, cake cream, or vanilla ice cream. There are many theories about the origins of this signature French dessert, but they most likely trace it back to the 13th century.

It was then that the chefs who first made puff pastry in France and southern Germany began filling these cakes with a mixture of savory cheese and spices.

Sweet versions of this dish appeared after and in the 17th century. These small cakes are referred to as choux, which means cabbage because they are visually reminiscent of a head of cabbage.

By the mid-19th century, puff pastry had become known as a profiterole in France and England. The dish is decorated to resemble a swan or a pyramid and is often served with wine served as dessert, tea, or coffee.

  1. Macarons

This pretty, pastel meringue-based cake is made with icing sugar, egg whites, granulated sugar, almonds, and food coloring. Modern flavors for this cake include rose, salted caramel, lemon, vanilla, raspberry, pistachio, and coffee.

First produced in Venetian monasteries, this signature French dessert was introduced to France during the Renaissance by Italian pastry chef Queen Catherine de Medici.

The delicacy in these tiny round cakes is finally served in pairs, paired with ganache or buttercream, and Pierre Desfontaines of Paris pâtisserie Ladurée claims credit for the innovation.

  1. le Flottate

le flottate (floating island) is a popular French dessert consisting of a meringue served in vanilla custard and topped with caramel sauce and toasted almonds. Meringues are usually made of beaten egg whites, sugar, and vanilla extract.

This classic dessert is one of the staples of French cuisine although it is internationally popular in countries such as Austria, Hungary, Croatia, and Italy.

Usually, in France, this cake is served in canteens, bistros, or trendy restaurants. Although a very popular dessert, this cake is not yet known who invented it.

  1. Baba Au Rhum

Baba au rhum is a chewy yeast cake soaked in rum. Usually served in a round shape and topped with a little whipped cream. This is a traditional cake that is usually eaten during religious celebrations such as Easter or Christmas.

The dessert is believed to have been created by pastry chef Nicolas Stohrer, who cooked for the exiled Polish King Stanislas Lesczyńska when he came to France after his daughter’s marriage to Louis XV.

The Stohrer patisserie in Paris first started selling baba cakes in 1730. Meanwhile, the addition of rum to cakes has been recorded in recipes since 1835. Some say that baba au rhum is named after Ali Baba, the hero of 1001 Nights and a favorite character of King Stanislas.

It is also said that the name comes from the Slavic word baba, which means “grandmother” or “old woman”. As in Poland and France, the baba au rhum variant is also quite popular in Naples, Italy.

  1. Canelé

Canelé is a small cake originally from Bordeaux. This French dessert is made with a soft dough flavored with vanilla and rum. Its cylindrical shape is known throughout France and the roasting process gives it a caramel-like appearance.

This delicious cake can be enjoyed as a dessert but also at breakfast or even as a snack. While these tiny cakes are a specialty in the Bordeaux region, canelé can be found in bakeries and pastry shops throughout France.

Canelets are traditionally made by nuns and given to the poor. In 1790, the nuns left their convent, but the recipe was rediscovered and improved by a Bordeaux cook in 1830.

Today the canelé is the symbol and emblem of the city of Bordeaux. Canelé is usually served with cocktails, champagne, tea, and a variety of wines.

This country which is famous for its fashion is also known as a place for delicious world-class food. Many great chefs studied in the country. So do not be surprised if this country also has a variety of desserts that captivate the tongue.

The typical French dessert above is a small part of the various types of desserts that this country has. From the list above, which food have you tasted other than macarons?